However, there are correlations between levels of self-control and the impulse for criminal conduct. Originally this theory was developed by two criminologists but today has been subject to theoretical debate and other empirical literature which has expounded upon the ideas purported in this theory and claimed it to be limited in terms of understanding criminal behavior.
Originally the theory of self-control was an idea stemming from bonding theory. This theory of self-control was based upon the observation of the behavior and age. By this theory had gained popularity because of its empirical observations. The two theorists behind this idea recorded that self-control was an important factor behind people who commit crimes. Additionally, criminal acts might be short-sighted or opportunistic.
This theory shares similar attributes to the theory of ego depletion. One which focuses on the idea that people are more highly motivated to satisfy their immediate desires and pleasures around. This theory can be traced to aspects of self-control from a psychological perspective. It was Freud who established the idea of self-control through the reality principle and the pleasure principle.
Individuals have to learn the necessity of delaying gratification, something which they are taught by their parents as they grow up. Part of the reason they must delay gratification was because of the obstacles they face in real life.
Somebody wants to immediately have cash or a random purchase have to delay the gratification of that purchase based upon whether or not they have cash in their bank account. This is something which is taught by parents and based upon the self-control theory, taught by the age of 8. Those individuals who are not effectively parented and are not taught that they must delay gratification based on the reality of their situation, are significantly more prone to committing certain crimes in order to obtain that gratification.
Nonetheless, because of the personal nature of many crimes, the criminal law tends to be the most visible category of law in modern societies. For the purposes of data collection and comparison, crime data is usually divided into two broad categories: Personal crimes include crimes of violence such as murder and robbery as well as any other criminal offenses that involve direct contact between a perpetrator and a victim, such as rape, aggravated assault, and battery.
Property crimes are those in which personal property is the object of the offense and there is no force or threat of force used against the person to whom the property rightfully belongs. Examples of property crimes include larceny-theft, burglary, motor-vehicle theft, and arson. Property crimes occur with far greater frequency than personal crimes, making up between 85 and 90 percent of all crimes reported to U.
Expressed differently, according to official data, every Beyond the distinction between personal and property crimes, other more detailed differentiations among criminal behaviors exist. Other types not discussed in this article include hate crime, environmental crime, technological crime, and political crime.
There are four major violent crimes tracked by both the Federal Bureau of Investigation and most international policing agencies: Many countries also recognize statutory rape—sexual intercourse with a person usually female under the legal age of consent which varies from country to country. Robbery involves taking personal property from the possession of another against his or her will by the use or threat of force.
The threat of violence is what distinguishes robbery from the lesser offense of theft. Aggravated assault refers to an unlawful attack by one person on another for the purpose of inflicting severe bodily injury.
Among Western industrialized nations, the United States long has been considered a particularly violent and crime-ridden society. This survey notwithstanding, the United States continues to have rates of murder and other serious violent crimes that vastly exceed those of other high-income nations.
The term white-collar crime was coined by Edwin Sutherland, former president of the American Sociological Association. In his presidential address Sutherland discussed persons of the upper socioeconomic class whose criminal behavior is dealt with much less severely than that of the lower socioeconomic classes Sutherland These more recent definitions of white-collar crime usually contain some or all of the following elements: Criminologists have also begun to recognize corporate crime as a distinct form of white-collar crime, in which the immediate benefits of the criminal behavior go to a corporation rather than to any particular individual.
Similarly, about 16, people are murdered each year in the United States, but far more people die as the result of white-collar criminal activities. For example, more than , people die each year in the United States because of neglect of worker-safety requirements, on-the-job accidents, and exposure to hazardous materials in the workplace Reiman Organized crime refers to criminal enterprises that specialize in vice crimes such as gambling, prostitution, drug operations, and other correlated illegal activities, including money laundering and racketeering.
The origin of organized crime in the United States is often traced to national Prohibition in the s Brown et al. The controversial federal ban on alcoholic beverages brought about by the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution and the Volstead Act created opportunities for criminal syndicates to flourish by illegally supplying liquor; later they were able to expand their enterprises into vice and other illicit activities.
Victimless crime refers to illicit behaviors in which the participants do not recognize that anyone involved in the illegal transaction is directly victimized by the deed.
Examples of victimless crimes include prostitution, pornography, illegal gambling, and drug use. Victimless crime is a contentious label because, while none of the parties sees themselves as victims, many people argue that society itself is harmed by the prohibited behaviors. For example, it is argued that illegal drug use drives up healthcare costs for everyone, destabilizes families and communities, drains worker productivity, and leads to a number of additional social problems.
What effects does a violent household have on children and their development? Are there specific treatments that can help lessen this effect? Marijuana is used for medicinal purposes, should it be illegal? Should racial profiling be legal? Is it fair to pull someone over because they fit the profile of a criminal even though they did nothing wrong? These are a few of the many topics that you can write about in regards to criminology.
When choosing a topic, remember to choose a topic that is interesting and relevant. You want to make sure that you can locate enough information on your topic to do some solid research. You will want to come up with a thesis statement and then prove to your reader why you believe the thesis statement.
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These are criminology research paper topics on the self-control theory of crime. With them you will discover the full multitude of ways you can take your research paper.
10 Great Criminology Topics for Research Papers Criminology deals with the causes, nature, consequences, and control of criminal behavior. When you have to write a research paper on the topic, you will need to find one that is relevant.
Research within librarian-selected research topics on Criminology and Crime from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. The study of criminology focuses on the behavior of criminals and the nature and causes of crime. Because of this, there are a wide variety of angles that may interest you when choosing a focus for a research paper. There are a number of psychological, social and legal issues you may want to.
Criminology Research Paper Topics Age and Crime. Aggression and Crime. Biological Theory. Campus Crime. Capital Punishment. Child Abuse. Citation and Content Analysis. Citizenship and Crime. Classical Criminology. Community Corrections. Convict Criminology. Crime Classification Systems: NCVS, NIBRS, and UCR. Crime . The list of nearly key criminal justice research topics for essays and research papers comprising traditional criminology and modern interdisciplinary outgrowths.