The Western part disintegrated in C. But what are those crucial events that brought to ruin such a magnificent state? There are different points of view regarding the fall of Rome Empire.
Researchers explain it differently. But most of them come together with a thought that the fall was only in the west. There are several external facts that influenced the fall of Rome Empire. The most crucial is the influx of barbaric horde. Barbarians took advantage of problems already existing in the Roman society — overpopulation, poor leadership, culture and moral decay. The fall of the Empire occurred not due to a war or revolution.
The facts imposed on each other and lead to the slow fall. Moreover, in the last day of Rome Empire the barbarian leader entered the city of Rome unopposed and the military and financial power of Mediterranean was not able to exist anymore. If we speak about the internal facts, that influenced the fall of Rome Empire, there are researchers who believe that the fall occurred due to the structure of the Roman society.
Historian Polybus affirms that the Rome was a victim of its declining moral virtue. Edward Gibbon, for instance, claims that the Christianity badly affected the Rome. It was religion that leads to such consequences, as people were trying to rebuild the society in accordance to the postulates of the religion they shrove. Moreover, most barbarians were Christians. But if we take a look deeper, we can conclude that actual fall of Rome Empire occurred not due to the factors mentioned above.
The actual split happened several decades earlier, when the Rome Empire was divided into two mentioned above parts. The reason of division was the massive size of its territories which extended from the British Isles to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and into Africa.
Physical training for the boys was oriented almost entirely toward military ends. Unlike the Greeks, the Romans had no real interest in beauty, harmony, or the balanced development of the individual, though a strong sense of morals was considered important. Much of the contact with literature came from the memorization of the Twelve Tables, Rome's codification of the laws.
As the power and influence of the Romans grew and they gained control of more provinces in the eastern Mediterranean, they saw more need for the education that would enable them to administer their territories. There also was a trend away from the military orientation of physical training as the old part-time army of citizens became more a full-time army of "mercenaries," or noncitizens who were paid to serve in the army.
Education in the home had made early Rome strong, but as the Empire grew, schools were developed outside the home. Much of the instruction was done by Greek slaves, who had a broader education than the Romans.
They provided the grammar part of the traditional Greek education, but since the Romans saw no practical use for the gymnastics or music, these studies were not included in the program. The educational program was unbalanced, for the Romans were interested primarily in education that had practical uses.
Their contributions to civilization were notably in the practical areas of law and engineering. The great wealth that came into the Roman Empire from the conquered nations and the many slaves who did much of the work previously done by the poorer Romans led to a breakdown of the societal morals of the roman people.
A Roman did not need to work to live, for the state provided free food. Political corruption grew with the luxury, and the old Roman ideals of patriotism and self-sacrifice died. The Romans saw little reason for physical training. Rome became a nation of spectators. The people would go to the circus or the amphitheatre and watch chariot races or gladiatorial fights to the death.
As they demanded more variety in the death-struggles, they used fights between animals and men, between larger groups of men, and eventually even waged small sea battles by flooding the arena. This emphasis on spectatorship and the growing professionalism in athletics destroyed much of the strength of Roman society, just as it had eventually destroyed the Olympic Games of the Greeks. The moral and educational values of the Romans games disappeared.
The Romans were more interested in the violent sports and only as spectators and they were little interested in personal competition or in personal excellence. The Romans also were very interested in baths.
Ruins of old Roman baths, many of which were built and operated by the government, can be found in areas of the Western world today. Some facilities were provided for exercise at the baths, but not on the scale of the Greek facilities.
Exercise was only a minor part of the experience at the Roman baths, for the emphasis was upon the sedentary pleasures of hot and cold baths and massage.
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