The crude birth rate has come down from The crude death rate has also declined from 19 per thousand populations to 8. Infant mortality rate has also declined from per thousand live births in to 63 per thousand in The annual population growth rate works out at 1. However, it is a tragedy that the National Population Policy, is incapable of meeting the inherent demographic requirements of the new economic policy of the country. The NPP has refused to recognise the fact that voluntary family planning programmes over the last five decades have failed to control the excessive population growth of the country.
As per the last National Family Health Survey held in , it is found that only about It is no wonder that under such a situation the population growth rate of India has been abysmally slow, i. Thus it is found that in spite of India being one of the foremost countries to institute a national family planning programme as early as in the country has dismally failed to achieve the purpose till date. In contrast, the European countries where, too large families were as common as in India took the initiative much later but achieved considerable success much earlier.
There were two most important reasons behind this success. Firstly, they had the firm determination that children should not only be physically strong but also well educated or, at least, well trained in the specialised skills required for maintaining a productive career. Secondly, they had the awareness that high cost of modern education and professional training must be maintained to make it possible for parents to support large families.
It is the failure of India to catch up and pursue these two above-noted European guideposts that has pushed the country much behind the required achievement in demographic goal.
The socio political factors which are largely responsible for this failure of family planning programme in India include: All these can be considered as the socio-political hurdles in the path of the success of population control programmes in India.
So, it is wrong to insist that literacy, health care and poverty alleviation would check our population growth. In recent years, serious efforts were made by the Government towards the implementation of the strategy of population control and family welfare. Considerable progress has also been achieved in the socio-demographic parameters over the last two decades. However, the country continues to lag behind several other countries in the region. The following table reflects over the situation in this regard.
The National Population Policy, aims at achieving net replacement levels of total fertility rate by through vigorous implementation of inter-sectoral operational strategies. The long term objective is to achieve population stabilization by at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development and environment protection. Under the mandate of NCMP of the Government, the expenditure in the health sector is proposed to increase from 0.
In order to augment health care services in rural areas of the country, a National Rural Health Mission has been conceptualized and is announced in Union Budget. This encompasses the entire National Family Welfare Programme and is based on decentralized planning.
In an over-populated and underdeveloped country like India, the family planning or the family welfare programme has a special significance. The individual, family as well as the society as a whole are benefitted by the measures of family planning. The first and foremost importance of family planning is to reduce the rate of growth of population to a considerable extent. By introducing and popularising various birth control devices, the rate of growth of population can be controlled to a considerable extent.
The family planning is beneficial to the entire nation as the reduction in the rate of growth of population can pave the way for increase in the level of per capita income and also its standard of living.
This will create scope for better employment facilities, better education and health facilities leading to a qualitative change for the betterment of life styles of the people of the country, in general. The family welfare programme introduced in India has its importance on raising prospect of child survival by reducing the child mortality rate. This programme has been creating an environment where the children will be better fed, better cared and well looked after.
Whether you need a 5-page research proposal at master-level, or a page thesis at doctoral-level, our qualified professionals will meet your needs—guaranteed! We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. More Essay Examples on Rhetoric Rubric. We have the necessary skills, knowledge, and experience to complete virtually any master- or doctoral-level order. Of course, ONLY those writers who possess a corresponding doctoral-level degree in the particular field of study will complete doctoral-level orders.
Your satisfaction is our top priority! Equipped with proper tools, statistical software, and sources of reference, we write dissertations and theses that are one-of-a-kind, innovative, accurate, and up-to-date.
Our dissertation aid and research proposal writing service enable customers to learn how to research and write their own term papers, dissertations, thesis papers, and research proposals, and they are responsible for citing us as a reference source. Issues related to inconsistent or incorrect use of method were the primary reason they conceived. Research indicates that the most effective birth control method is the method the client is the most comfortable with.
Client understanding of various methods and comfort with the one they choose is best accomplished with non-directive counseling and education and from a family planning provider that they trust.
Family planning providers aim at increasing the percentage of clients who use their chosen method consistently and correctly. The RH bill intends to help couples to have government funded access to artificial contraception methods as well. Definition of Terms Presentation of Data A. Features of Family Planning Family planning includes all methods of birth control, from the pill to condoms, Intrauterine Devices IUD , injectable hormonal contraceptives, and diaphragms, caps and spermicides. Depending on the area, family planning may also refer to methods used to terminate a pregnancy or possible pregnancy, such as abortion and emergency contraception.
Family planning may also refer to surgical sterilization methods, including vasectomies and tubal ligation; and to non-surgical methods of sterilization such as Essure Family planning is also the term preferred by religious couples who do not approved of using artificial birth control methods to prevent pregnancy. In this case, family planning, sometimes called natural family planning, refers exclusively to techniques such as temporary abstinence, the withdrawal method, or the rhythm method, in which no outside interference is used.
While family planning clinics do not favor any method over others, they are usually able to accommodate most preferences and beliefs.
Free sample essay on Family Planning. Family Planning has been adopted as our national policy and a lot of money is being spent on it. Yet we are far from achieving our targets. India’s population is increasing fast in comparison to its dwindling and depleting resources. Family Planning has been.
Family Planning and Economic Development - Family Planning and Economic Development Family planning should be a very important factor in economic development of the nations, because it controls population growth.
Family Planning Programme in India India is the second most populous nation, after China. United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) has worked that such an increase in population will have adverse effect on the existing economic and social condition of our nation. Below is an essay on "Family Planning" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. In recent years, there has great controversial issue over whather the governments should intervene in the rights of individuals with regard to family planning or not/5(1).
Family planning helps couples plan pregnancies that would be least risky to the health of the mother and the child. 2. Family planning helps reduce environmental problems like overcrowding which cause easy transmission of diseases. The year saw a revolutionary change in the community development sphere which was brought about by the Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP), that aimed to control the population outburst that persisted in Pakistan and was predicted to get worse. /5(3).