Opposite to the Inquisitorial system where a judge or panel of judges call evidence and interrogate witnesses, as exists in many European countries. Described by opponents as an organisational genius, an American political activist, although never aligned with any political party, who, through his book Rules for Radicals , propagated ideas for poor communities to successfully politically organise.
Book is now popular with both sides of the political divide. The devotion to the interests of others above that of the self. The opposite of egoism. A party, generally an advocacy group, who is granted permission by an appellate court to be involved in proceedings even though it was not directly involved in the original case.
The motivation for the A. A condition of lawlessness and disorder brought about by the absence of any controlling authority. The government and social system that was swept away by the French Revolution. An administration and associated government programs that have been superseded. A state or society ruled by men where moral authority and control of property may also be exclusively in the hands of males.
Opposition to the influence of religion in government and legislative affairs. A member of communist party machine; derogatory term for a political party zealot. A variant of preferential voting eliminating the chances of minority candidates winning when too many mainstream candidates run against each other.
Temporary or permanent suspension of hostilities in war by mutual agreement. Original name given to the secret ballot due to the fact it originated there. A form of government where unlimited power is held by one single individual. A limited form of independence where, for example, a state or colony can control its own domestic affairs but has no say over its foreign affairs.
A member of Parliament government or opposition who is not in a leadership role in their party but merely sits literally on the back bench. The leverage a small party in the legislature possesses, in being able to give, or hold back, voting support to a large, albeit still minority party, to allow it to have a majority on a vote. A paper handed to each voter on election day to be marked, showing the names of the candidates and sometimes the parties who are standing for election.
A small country economically dependent on a single agrarian export commodity traditionally a banana exporting, maritime state of the West Indies or Central America , with a corrupt government.
Term derived by author O. Henry for a short story involving the fictional Republic of Anchuria. Derived from a fable about a group of mice who decide the best way to be warned when the cat is near is for someone to place a bell around its neck, only to find there are no volunteers to perform that task.
A small entity whose characteristics happen to reflect that of the whole state or nation. The American state of Nevada is a bellwether state for presidential elections in that, with only one exception, it has voted the same as the whole country for a century. A bellwether is a ram with a bell attached to indicate to the farmer where the flock is when not in sight. A term to describe the politically and socially insular community of Washington DC. One would be, metaphorical speaking, inside or outside the Beltway.
Government with either two or one house of legislature. A person who refuses to discuss, consider or listen to, beliefs or theories contrary to his own. If approved at all stages it then becomes an act and thus law. Attainder, meaning taintedness, also meant that any party guilty of a capital crime lost all civil rights including property, and if not life, then right to reputation. Still exercised in the 20th century in Australian states where a convicted capital felon, Darcy Dugan, was denied the right to sue for defamation and a dangerous inmate, Gregory Kable, was not released after his full prison term was served due to an act of parliament.
Aka Charter of Rights or Declaration of Rights. A list of entrenched fundamental human rights as perceived by the declarer. R is deemed to protect the citizenry from the excesses of their rulers. Adjective to describe a situation where the normally opposing political parties come together to agree on an initiative.
Technically two parties coming together. A bird dog is a retriever who runs into the bushes and flushes birds out into the open. Term has also been used in US presidential campaign by some players to go well further by inciting violence at opposition campaign rallies.
A law where there may have been conjecture as to its meaning, but where appellate courts have subsequently settled the issue. In multi-member electorates, each voter having the same number of votes as the number of vacant seats must tick off [say] three names. This has the effect of minimising the chances of minority candidates winning seats. The standardized, non-specific parts of editorials, presentations, contracts or emails traditionally made and expected, in addition to the specific.
A speech on a particular policy issue would be described as B. Derived from original American Press Association offices which happened to be housed next to a sheet-iron processing plant, and third rate, filler, news articles issued became known as B. A wasteful government financed infrastructure developed at a cost much greater than its value, undertaken for local or political gain. Marxist term now used to describe middle class professionals living a relatively luxurious life style.
Aka Shy Tory Factor. Named after well-known African-American Tom Bradley, who attempted to be the first elected black governor in the US, but lost the Californian gubernatorial election despite previously being ahead in the polls. Australian concept related to candidate manipulation in larger political parties. In modern times the most artful in this practice would be the government of North Korea.
Term coined by Teddy Roosevelt who thought the American presidency gave an immense platform to advocate his positions on many issues. Not a law but a government rule or regulation. A local election held to fill a suddenly vacated single member voting seat due to death, resignation etc.
Caesar divorced his wife Pompeia after it was suspected, but not proven, that she aided a third party to commit the crime of sacrilege. A state ruled by a caliph, who is considered to be the chief Islamic civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor in line from Muhammad. A person who stands for election to political office. In Australia candidates can be nominated by political parties or stand as independents.
An economic system based on the recognition of private property rights, where prices are dictated by supply and demand, and where the means of production and distribution of goods and services derive from privately owned resources, or capital, operating within an unregulated market.
A type of governance where those in power refrain from significant actions such as undertaking major legislative programs or senior judicial or public service appointments, but only maintain necessary normal administrative duties. The reason for this is that power would be in transition due to an election being due or being called suddenly due to the success of a vote of no confidence, or some other situation where legitimate democratic government has to be restored. A pejorative term to describe outsiders taking advantage of a situation where others would normally be expected to benefit.
Someone who predicts calamitous events if specific policy decisions are not undertaken, but whom are generally ignored. A suddenly vacated Senate seat filled not by an election but by State government appointment. A closed meeting of members of a political party or faction. Also the term for a group of people within an establishment with a common political leaning.
In Australia the term is used to describe the parliamentary members of the ALP. A controversy often a court case arousing high public interest because of policy issues at stake.
Popular British 19th century working class movement advocating electoral reform. Despite at one stage having three million signatures on a petition to Parliament, the movement eventually disbanded without witnessing any reforms. Term to describe a situation in some countries where the granting of permanent residence to one foreign applicant on whatever grounds humanitarian, skilled or lottery will give that new resident rights to bring in their spouse or other family members, which in turn will grant further foreigners rights to enter because of their connections to the previous link, thus creating a seemingly perpetual chain.
A democratic vehicle for legislative or constitutional enactment which bypasses the legislature. As exists in Switzerland and some states of the USA, if a petition for a certain proposition can raise a specific number of signatures, then the legislature is compelled to put it to the people at a referendum and then to enact it in law if passed. I am a Roman Citizen. The claim by ancient Romans that wherever so they travel in foreign lands they should be afforded full rights and protection, with the understanding that Roman military might would respond to any violations.
Justification used by UK Prime Minister Lord Palmerston in when blockading Athens to ensure a British citizen there was compensated for the property damage inflicted by a violent Greek mob. A concept in American constitutional law to describe a situation where fundamental constitutional principles can be overlooked in exigent circumstances.
A place of work where the union has arranged that the employer will only employ those who are its members. A motion in legislative systems to bring a filibuster to an end and thus allow a vote on the bill at hand. A popular candidate at an election having the ability to draw votes, not just for himself, but also for his fellow party candidates.
As compared to the free market, an economy which is mostly under the command of the government. The law of the land which comes from neither the statute books nor the constitution but from court law reports. Originally that body of law which was common to all parts of England not customary or local law and developed over centuries from the English courts to be adopted and further developed in countries using that system.
As compared to democratically maintained law, common law is judge maintained and modified law and is valid unless it conflicts with statute law. The action or process of treating a person as a mere commodity rather than someone possessing civil rights such as autonomy. The ability of a party to produce a particular good or service at a lower marginal or opportunity cost than another. If country A can produce both apples and oranges cheaper than country B, with apples significantly cheaper, it is more efficient for it to concentrate on growing and exporting only apples while importing oranges, even though the oranges imported would not be as cheap as those if home grown.
A form of federalism where the individual regions that make up the sovereign state exercise a larger degree of autonomy. Often the right to secede and the sole right to raise taxes, the funding of the central government coming from the regions.
The set of basic rules by which a country or state is governed. Sometimes includes a Bill of Rights. The ultimate set of laws to which all other laws made by contemporary governments are subservient to.
The strength and integrity of a constitution is often reflected by the difficulty it is to be changed. A proposal to alter the Constitution being put to the public vote.
In Australia at a referendum the proposed alteration must be approved by a 'double majority': A measurement of inflation by comparing, at regular intervals, the price taking weighting into account of a set of basic consumer goods and services purchased by households. A tax on the spending of income rather than the earning of it, so as to include people who might otherwise evade income tax such as those in the black economy or successful with tax avoidance schemes.
Originally used to identify a geographical area sealed off to isolate infectious diseases, but now also used to identify the isolation of extremist political parties by other parties not dealing with them in regards to coalitions, voting preferences or any other communications or benefits.
A free market economic system abused to the degree where some business people have become successful due to their relationships with government. An act rarely forgiven in Commonwealth countries but common in the USA. A type of block voting but where the voter can choose, from the list of for example ten candidates running for four seats, his preferred four, or just two or even one.
In such decisions, the selected candidates would get one quarter of a vote each, or half a vote, or where only one candidate received the vote, the whole vote. An unexpected, somewhat unknown candidate with little public exposure who has potential to win an election against established candidates. Term originated by British politician and author, Benjamin Disraeli. State within a state. A situation in a country when a government agency, such as a branch of the armed forces, an intelligence agency, police, or a bureaucratic department, acts conspiratorially or overtly independently of civilian democratic leadership.
Whereas all parliamentary legislation is final and cannot be challenged in court apart from constitutional inconsistencies delegated legislation can be challenged in court if it is shown to violate the purpose of the original act. A leader who gains popularity by appealing to prejudice and basic instincts. Considered manipulative and dangerous. The concept of moral obligation and binding duty. As compared to consequentialism, where an act is judged by its consequences the ends justify the means , D.
A relaxing or easing of tensions between powers. Transfer of powers from the national or central government to state or local government. A procedure in non-STV pro-rep elections to evenly distribute seats where insufficient parties have won the normal quota of votes to claim the full number of seats available.
Government by the people in fact rather than merely in principle. The citizenry themselves voting on all issues affecting them. Practised in ancient Greece and to some degree in some cantons of Switzerland and the New England states of America. Considered by most to be a highly impractical form of government. Direct government control of a country's economic and social institutions.
Information that is false or misleading deliberately disseminated for strategic gain. Like how only dogs can hear the dog whistle, only the target political audience can comprehend the real meaning of the innocuous words spoken by the politician. Otherwise known as the unthinking vote. An Australian federal election with two exceptions to the normal general election.
Rather than the usual 40 Senate seats being up for election a so called half-Senate election , the full complement of 76 seats are vacated and thus the state quota to win a seat drops from Secondly, both houses of Parliament are dissolved at the time of the election, rather than normal situation where the Senate only dissolves at the end of its set term, which can mean that it can be as much as eleven months after a normal election before the new Senators take their seats.
The government can only call a DD election in specific situations as laid out by the Constitution. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.
The awkward case of 'his or her'. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Explore the year a word first appeared. Definition of government 1: See government defined for English-language learners See government defined for kids. Examples of government in a Sentence The government has been slow to react to the crisis. She works for the federal government. In the Sun interview, Trump cast his lot with the Brexiteers, the conservative faction that wants a complete split with the European government in Brussels.
Is Unlike Any Other Alliance. Puerto Ricans have complained that the U. At this meeting, with the Cold War setting in, publishers once again decided to support the U. The Hammonds, who run a ranch in eastern Oregon, have a long history of disputes with the federal government.
Origin and Etymology of government see govern. Related Words generalship , leadership , rulership ; agency ; aegis also egis , custody , guardianship , keeping , lap , protection , safekeeping , trust , tutelage , ward ; engineering , logistics , machination , manipulation ; coadministration , codirection , comanagement ;.
Other Government and Politics Terms agent provocateur , agitprop , autarky , cabal , egalitarianism , federalism , hegemony , plenipotentiary , popular sovereignty , socialism. Definition of government for English Language Learners. Learn More about government Thesaurus: Seen and Heard What made you want to look up government?
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Government Accountability Office - Congress’s main investigative agency, the GAO investigates operations of government agencies as part of congressional oversight. government bond - A promissory note issued by the government to pay back the purchase price plus interest.
Government definition, the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration: Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society.
Definition of government for Students 1: control and direction of public business (as of a city or a nation) The mayor makes decisions regarding the government of . Government Dictionary included! Whether your personal interest or your profession relates to the field of Government, you will always benefit from an insight into a specific terminology and from a better understanding of technical terms.
Your government is the system of people, laws, and officials that define and control the country that you live in. The U.S. government, for example, is a representative democracy with three branches. A wasteful government financed infrastructure developed at a cost much greater than its value, undertaken for local or political gain. bourgeois Marxist term now used to describe middle class professionals living a relatively luxurious life style.