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How to Write a Summary of an Article

What Needs to Be Included in a Summary of an Article?

❶You do need to make sure that your summary does not use the same phrases or sentences of the original see my article on paraphrasing correctly:

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When Should You Summarize an Article?
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Start by defining the research question. Toward the beginning of the article, possibly in the introduction, the authors should discuss the focus of the research study and what the targeted objectives were for conducting the research. This is where your summary should begin.

Describe, in your own words, the main argument the authors hope to prove with their research. In scientific articles, usually there is an introduction which establishes the background for the experiment or study, and won't provide you with much to summarize.

It will be followed by the development of a research question and testing procedures, though, which are key in dictating the content for the rest of the article. Discuss the methodology used by the authors. This portion discusses the research tools and methods used during the study. The specifics of the testing procedures don't usually need to be included in your summary in their entirety; they should be reduced to a simple idea of how the research question was addressed.

The results of the study will usually be processed data, sometimes accompanied by raw, pre-process data. Only the processed data needs to be included in the summary. One of the most important parts of the summary needs to be describing what the authors accomplished as a result of their work. What conclusions have the authors drawn from this research?

What are the implications of this research, as described in the article? These are crucial parts of the article and cannot be left out. Connect the main ideas presented in the article. For some summaries, it's important to show how the relationships among the ideas presented by the authors develop over the course of the article. The primary objective of the summary is to present a brief overview of the authors' essential points to the reader, making it important that you unpack those arguments and explain them in your own words.

Fill in the blanks and assumptions, helping to clarify the research and summarize it briefly. This is sometimes more important in summaries dealing with articles in the humanities. For example, it might be helpful to unpack dense arguments about poet George Herbert's relationship to the divine with more pedestrian summaries: Don't draw your own conclusions. A summary of an article shouldn't editorialize, or offer your own interpretations of the data, unless explicitly stated as part of the assignment.

In general, the point of a summary is to summarize the authors' points, not to offer your own additions and editorials. This can be difficult for some inexperienced research writers to get the hang of at first, but remember to keep the "I" out of it. Refrain from using direct quotations of text from the journal article. Quotations are more often used when writing a college paper or essay, and are less important for a journal article summary.

Focus more on paraphrasing the ideas when writing a journal article summary without losing focus of their meaning and intended content.

Always use the present tense when you are discussing the contents of a scholarly article. Good writing happens in revision. Go back and compare the focus and content of what you have written to see that it matches and supports the context of the journal article. A journal article that has been properly summarized provides potential readers with a short review, which is important when they are browsing and searching for specific information about a particular topic.

Part 3 Quiz Why shouldn't you use quotations from the article? They defeat the purpose of the assignment.

They provide weak support for your ideas. They take up too much space. Sample Scientific Journal Article Summary. Sample Educational Journal Article Summary. A "refereed" journal article is the same as a peer-reviewed journal article. This just means that all of the content has been fact-checked by a panel of experts before being approved for publication. All of the above steps apply. Not Helpful 0 Helpful When summarizing, should I be objective, or follow what the author says?

It is preferable to be subjective during summarizing, as you need to draw conclusion from the information provided only by the author s of the article.

Not Helpful 4 Helpful Step 6 says to take notes while I read. Is it a good idea to take notes while scanning or should I just take notes after? Take notes while scanning to remember what interested you the most. Afterwards, go back, if the article will be used, to understand those topics better so that if you had to explain it to someone, you could without a problem. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Read all articles and write separate summaries. Then summarize the similar summaries once again; hence you will get two to three similar drafts.

Now finally write the main points of these narrowed down drafts in one article. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. Is there any limit for summary? If articles are reviewed, then how can I sum them up? Summarize a different article in each paragraph, and try to make each summary smaller if possible. Then, find a way to mash up all the summaries in one.

There is no limit but the shorter the entire summary is, the better. Not Helpful 9 Helpful The article says that I need to include my main supporting ideas. Where do I include those in the writing? The main supporting ideas are generally going to be thought of as the meat of your article paragraphs. You can include them as headers of the sections, or you can just use them as inspiration for the section's content.

Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Article highlights consist of short bullet points that convey the core findings of an article and provide readers with a quick textual overview. Specific journals have different requirements so it is best to check the guide to authors section of the journal website to ensure you keep within word limits. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 2. How can I summarize an article that has sub-headings or sub-topics? Answer this question Flag as Where do I put the summary in the journal? Should a journal synopsis have a title?

How do I do a bibliography for a summary? In the summary should I include in-text citations? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary To summarize a journal article, start by reading the author's abstract, which tells you the main argument of the article.

Did this summary help you? Academic Journals In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy.

LA Lara Anthony Nov 7, I was actually not sure if l needed to add my opinion or not. MS Mesfin Solomon Mar 20, Juabin Matey Sep 19, Just that examples would, however, be helpful in the case of summarising more than two article and critiquing them. Generally, the steps are helpful. MC Mara Carrasco Jan 23, Thanks a lot for your explanations.

MB Mike Briere Jun 2, CK Cherrie Kneebone Apr 29, Invaluable when you are short on time and need quick and clear steps. Best I've read yet! SI Sana Irfan Sep 11, IR Ivan Rizky Nov 9, Thank you so much! I had difficulties in how to write a summary, but now I have kind of a template. DA Daniela Alvarez Jul 30, ES Esraa Sameer Jan 27, AI Ain Izzati Aug 25, Study your notes to write your review. Ask yourself what your main idea is after reading the article.

Quote the article in order to support your conclusions. If you disagree with what the article has covered, share excerpts from the article and state why. Support your disagreement with a solid reason, such as personal experience or information from other published works such as a book.

Your conclusion must briefly touch on what you addressed in your summary and your overall opinion of the article. This part of your essay must show your reason for writing the review in the first place. Share your opinion of if the author has successfully written the kind of article she sat out to write.

Include your reasons for why you feel this way. Dawn Colclasure has written for the newspaper, "SIGNews," since and has been published in several different newspapers and magazines. Dawn also writes books on writing and the paranormal. She lives and writes in Eugene, Oregon.

How to Write a Report on a Newspaper Article. How to Summarize a Science Article. How to Write a College Article Review. Accessed 14 September

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Sep 06,  · How to Write a Summary of an Article 1. Find Main Idea. In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article 2. Identify Important Arguments. Now you want to do a second reading. 3. Write Your Summary. Your summary should start with the author’s name and the title of the godliterature.tks:

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Writing a summary and review essay of an article strengthens a reader's critical thinking skills. It allows the reader to fully understand what the article is about, and why this is important. An article may share new information, express the author's opinions on a popular topic or tell someone’s story. By writing a.

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How to Summarize a Research Article include it in a paper you are writing, the summary should focus on how the articles relates specifically to your paper. Reading the Article If you are summarizing an article to include in a paper you are writing it . You can write a summary essay on a scientific work, an interesting article, a novel, or a research paper. This type of essay can be on any subject. For example, you might want to write a summary essay on.

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May 12,  · How to Write a Summary of an Article May 12, by April Klazema When you’re writing your own article, an essay, or even a school paper, you will probably be faced with writing a summary of an April Klazema. Jul 04,  · How to Summarize a Journal Article Four Parts: Reading the Article Planning a Draft Writing Your Summary Sample Summaries Community Q&A Summarizing a journal article is the process of presenting a focused overview of a completed research study that is published in a peer-reviewed, scholarly source%().