Douglas, overturned the Missouri Compromise and permitted settlers in the Kansas Territory to choose for themselves whether they wanted a free or slave state. Outraged Northern abolitionists, horrified at the notion of slavery spreading by popular sovereignty, began raising funds to send anti-slave settlers to Kansas.
Equally outraged Southerners sent their own settlers, and a brutish group known as Border Ruffians from slaveholding Missouri went into Kansas to make trouble for the abolitionists. Into this unfortunate mix came an abolitionist fanatic named John Brown riding with his sons and gang.
In the halls of Congress, the slavery issue had prompted feuds, insults, duels and finally a divisive gag rule that forbade even discussion or debate on petitions about the issue of slavery. But during the Kansas controversy a confrontation between a senator and a congressman stood out as particularly shocking. By then, every respectable-sized city, North and South, had a half-dozen newspapers and even small towns had at least one or more; and the revolutionary new telegraph brought the latest news overnight or sooner.
Throughout the North, the caning incident triggered profound indignation that was transformed into support for a new anti-slavery political party. In the election of , the new Republican Party ran explorer John C. In the U. Supreme Court delivered its infamous Dred Scott decision, which elated Southerners and enraged Northerners. The raid was thwarted by U. It simply reinforced the Southern conviction that Northerners were out to destroy their way of life.
The s drew to a close in near social convulsion and the established political parties began to break apart—always a dangerous sign. The Whigs simply vanished into other parties; the Democrats split into Northern and Southern contingents, each with its own slate of candidates. A Constitutional Union party also appeared, looking for votes from moderates in the Border States. As a practical matter, all of this assured a victory for the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln, who was widely, if wrongly, viewed in the South as a rabid abolitionist.
With the vote split four ways, Lincoln and the Republicans swept into power in November , gaining a majority of the Electoral College, but only a 40 percent plurality of the popular vote. In short order, always pugnacious South Carolina voted to secede from the Union, followed by six other Deep South states that were invested heavily in cotton. Much of the Southern apprehension and ire that Lincoln would free the slaves was misplaced.
No matter how distasteful he found the practice of slavery, the overarching philosophy that drove Lincoln was a hard pragmatism that did not include the forcible abolition of slavery by the federal government—for the simple reason that he could not envision any political way of accomplishing it. But Lincoln, like a considerable number of Northern people, was decidedly against allowing slavery to spread into new territories and states.
By denying slaveholders the right to extend their boundaries, Lincoln would in effect also be weakening their power in Washington, and over time this would almost inevitably have resulted in the abolition of slavery, as sooner or later the land would have worn out. These influential journals, from Richmond to Charleston and myriad points in between, painted a sensational picture of Lincoln in words and cartoons as an arch-abolitionist—a kind of antichrist who would turn the slaves loose to rape, murder and pillage.
For the most part, Southerners ate it up. If there is a case to be made on what caused the Civil War, the Southern press and its editors would be among the first in the dock. It goes a long way in explaining why only one in three Confederate soldiers were slaveholders, or came from slaveholding families.
Interestingly, many if not most of the wealthiest Southerners were opposed to secession for the simple reason that they had the most to lose if it came to war and the war went badly.
But in the end they, like practically everyone else, were swept along on the tide of anti-Washington, anti-abolition, anti-Northern and anti-Lincoln rhetoric. To a lesser extent, the Northern press must accept its share of blame for antagonizing Southerners by damning and lampooning them as brutal lash-wielding torturers and heartless family separators.
With all this back and forth carrying on for at least the decade preceding war, by the time hostilities broke out, few either in the North or the South had much use for the other, and minds were set. One elderly Tennessean later expressed it this way: The immediate cause of Southern secession, therefore, was a fear that Lincoln and the Republican Congress would have abolished the institution of slavery—which would have ruined fortunes, wrecked the Southern economy and left the South to contend with millions of freed blacks.
The long-term cause was a feeling by most Southerners that the interests of the two sections of the country had drifted apart, and were no longer mutual or worthwhile. There is the possibility that war might have been avoided, and a solution worked out, had there not been so much mistrust on the part of the South. Unfortunately, some of the mistrust was well earned in a bombastic fog of hatred, recrimination and outrageous statements and accusations on both sides.
Put another way, it was well known that Lincoln was anti-slavery, but both during his campaign for office and after his election, he insisted it was never his intention to disturb slavery where it already existed. The South simply did not believe him.
The Lincoln administration was able to quell secession movements in several Border States—Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland and what would become West Virginia—by a combination of politics and force, including suspension of the Bill of Rights. But when Lincoln ordered all states to contribute men for an army to suppress the rebellion South Carolina started by firing on Fort Sumter, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina also joined the Confederacy rather than make war on their fellow Southerners.
Most thought it would be over by summertime. By Claire Hopley John C. Calhoun -- genius pragmatist, and racist. Tyrant, Hypocrite or Consummate Statesman The key to understanding Abraham Lincoln's philosophy of statesmanship is that he always sought the meeting point between what was right in theory and what could be achieved in practice. The Union Must Stand: The outpouring of Civil War-era diaries and memoirs continues unabated. Fueled by the historiographical trend in recent years of examining the common … Articles 3 Articles 4 Articles 5 Articles 6 Articles 7.
Irene Sgambelluri was eleven years old, and living in Guam, when Japanese forces assaulted the area hours after bombing Pearl Harbor on Dec. Sgambelluri spoke with HistoryNet about the attack and the aftermath.
But Irish republicans had long been pushing for independence, and tensions ran high in the Emerald Isle. Thus, when the British introduced conscription in Get inside articles from the world's premier publisher of history magazines.
Featured Article True Causes of the Civil War Irreconcilable Differences Simmering animosities between North and South signaled an American apocalypse Any man who takes it upon himself to explain the causes of the Civil War deserves whatever grief comes his way, regardless of his good intentions. Draped on a slight mannequin form and …. They failed were tried for treason and executed. He even became immortalized in a famous poem and song.
III The trigger is pulled. The ones who died, well they were the party of the North so there was a sort of void. A Third Party, the Free Soil Party who was devoted to stopping the spread of slavery changed into a new party with support for economic nationalism and Federal supremacy and yes opposed to slavery spreading.
A Party devoted to fighting against their precious institution. A party that was for tariffs and investment into Northern manufacturing. A party devoted to destroying the Southern states right to rule themselves. What he did propose is it should be contained in the South. This made him Unacceptable to the South. When he won the election, the Deep South, led by South Carolina seceded immediately. Not even a phone call.
The Missouri Compromise Now remember the goal here is to preserve the balance of power in the Congress. I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free.
This quote is very important because Americans became aware that they would soon have to choose either to favor or oppose slavery, there was no middle ground. Unfortunately for the Republican party, Lincoln lost the election of and Douglas was reelected, but Lincoln would soon be back. In the presidential campaign of , Lincoln in fact did return, and won without a single vote in 10 southern states.
Following his election, 7 states seceded from the Union, starting with South Carolina. South Carolina was actually the state with the highest percentage of slaves in the population, and was notorious for its political radicalism.
In , the seceding legislatures wrote the Declaration of the Immediate causes of Secession, which basically stated that the issue of slavery was in fact the cause for this crisis.
They compared their movement to the war of American Independence, while political leaders everywhere tried to formulate methods in order to resolve the crisis.
Abraham Lincoln however took an uncompromising stand against the expansion of slavery. He denied the states rights to secede, but also denied any intention of intervening with slavery in the current states. He never mentioned retaining forts, custom houses, and arsenals the confederacy seized but he promised to maintain remaining federal property.
He was in fact right, for on April 12, Jefferson Davis ordered shots to be fired at Fort Sumter, which was a monument of Union Power. Three days following this attack Lincoln proclaimed that an insurrection existed in the south, and sent 75, troops in order to suppress it and the Civil War began.
As you can see, the build-up of many short term causes were in fact the most effective and important cause of the Civil War. All of the causes were the effects of one another, leading up to a disastrous division between the country which ended with Civil War.
The Kansas-Nebraska act started the divergence of politics with the formation of the Republican Party, which inadvertently led Abraham Lincoln to return to politics. He soon became the voice of this Republican party due to his refusal to compromise on slavery in the territories, and soon after his election the states began to secede.
All that was left for him to do was wait for the first shot of the South, and eventually the war began. Although both the long term causes and the short term causes riled up the nation, it was the short terms causes that were the most powerful and quick at completely separating it in two. Canada is a democratic government where Canadian citizens should be able to elect senators.
The tradition of stacking the Senate, due to appointment by the prime minister, must not continue. By allowing this to happen the prime minister is looking for supporters rather than qualified people, who may not have the acquired skills for the position.
Long & Short Term Causes of the Civil War When the Republicans won the presidential election of they promised not to disturb slavery where it already existed. But, Southerners didn't trust Republicans to protect their rights, so they decided to secede from the Union starting with .
Short and Long term causes of the Civil War!!! Timeline created by talesia_ In History. Jan 1, Missouri Compromise -missouri entered USA as a slave state -maine entered USA as a free state-North of 36,30 no slavery allowed-south of 36,30 open to slavery based on popular severengnity Jan 1,
Start studying Causes And Effects of Civil War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying LONG TERM CAUSES- CIVIL WAR. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
There were many long-term causes and short term causes that aided and pushed forward the impending Civil War. The short term causes, however, were the most effective because they happened quickly and completely divided the nation in half. What are the short term and long term causes of the Civil War? Summary Answer. While we will examine some various reasons for the buildup of tension between the Southern states and the. Federal Government there is a key concept answer. During the ’s the states from the North and South were evenly divided in Congress.