Following the lead of his father and grandfathers, he pursued a theological education. He studied the works of Walter Rauschenbusch, who contended that the church must work to undo social injustices, and those of Mohandas K. Gandhi, who espoused a philosophy of nonviolence. In the fall of he began his doctoral studies at Boston University and received his Ph. That same year he rose to prominence in the civil rights movement by organizing a protest in support of Rosa Parks, a black woman who was arrested in Alabama for sitting in a "whites only" section of a public bus.
Near the end of he began working to desegregate Birmingham, Alabama. His leadership produced an agreement with the Justice Department that led to the desegregation of lunch counters, restrooms, fitting rooms, and drinking fountains. In King helped plan a massive march on Washington, D. In King received the Nobel Peace Prize. His campaign for voting rights, concentrated in Selma, Alabama, was met with violence from both police and civilians and resulted in President Lyndon Johnson signing the Voting Rights Act into law.
King continued his social campaigns until April 4, , when he was assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee. King's written works reflect his heritage in the traditions of the southern black church as well as his knowledge of western philosophy. King further implements biblical theology, along with the philosophies of Gandhi and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, in Stride toward Freedom , a discussion of the events leading up to the Montgomery bus boycott.
In his "I Have a Dream" speech, King paints a vision of a "promised land" of justice and racial equality. In the celebrated Letter from Birmingham City Jail , a commentary directed at his critics, King again displays his sermonic style and use of biblical allusions and rhetoric. Have you ever been stereotyped because you play a musical instrument or a sport? Have you ever been discriminated against because of your gender, race, sexual orientation, or physical abilities?
Write this essay to help communicate who you are and your unique role in your community. Entry form must be submitted with the essay.
The essay must be between and words about pages. Do not place your name or any other identifying information on any other page. All essays are to include references, utilizing at least one book source, but no more than one website source.
The sources do not need to be from Dr. They can relate to the topic of your essay. Essays may NOT include photographs, images, illustrations, etc. King and his work in the civil rights movement, relevancy to essay theme, originality of ideas and clarity of expression, personal perspective, organization, grammar, and guidelines. All essays submitted become the property of Ohio University Southern and may be displayed on the website, in other university publications, or in locations throughout the community.
Children of Ohio University Southern faculty and staff are not eligible. Essays will be evaluated by a committee of faculty, staff, and students from Ohio University Southern. Decisions of the evaluation committee are final. The committee must receive at least five contest entries for each grade range to run the contest. Along with the cash award students will receive a certificate of achievement, an OU t-shirt, and be invited to attend the Annual Ohio University Southern Dr. Community Celebration where students will be publicly recognized for their achievement.
Essays should be sent to Dr. Hayley Haugen at haugen ohio.
Historic Figure: Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is a legend whose life, ideas and actions had great influence in the civil rights movement and liberation of the oppressed in the US and the world.
Martin Luther King, Jr. – American orator and essayist. The following entry provides an overview of King's career. King was the leader of the civil rights movement in the United States during the s and s.
Martin Luther King Jr. lost his life trying to better the lives of African-American people. He was one of the greatest American Civil Rights leaders of the s. He was born in in the city of Atlanta, Georgia. Essay on Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. - Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, April 4, ) was born Michael Luther .
In a speech at Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa, on Oct. 15, , Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. expressed, “I am convinced that men hate each other because they fear each other. They fear each other because they don’t know each other, and they don’t know each other because they don’t. Martin Luther was a man of compassion, conviction, and courage but most importantly Martin was a man of conscience. Courage is the ability to act regardless of the potential consequences.