Primary data is data originated for the first time by the researcher through direct efforts and experience, specifically for the purpose of addressing his research problem. Also known as the first hand or raw data. Primary data collection is quite expensive, as the research is conducted by the organisation or agency itself, which requires resources like investment and manpower. The data collection is under direct control and supervision of the investigator. The data can be collected through various methods like surveys, observations, physical testing, mailed questionnaires, questionnaire filled and sent by enumerators, personal interviews, telephonic interviews, focus groups, case studies, etc.
Secondary data implies second-hand information which is already collected and recorded by any person other than the user for a purpose, not relating to the current research problem. It is the readily available form of data collected from various sources like censuses, government publications, internal records of the organisation, reports, books, journal articles, websites and so on.
Secondary data offer several advantages as it is easily available, saves time and cost of the researcher. But there are some disadvantages associated with this, as the data is gathered for the purposes other than the problem in mind, so the usefulness of the data may be limited in a number of ways like relevance and accuracy. Moreover, the objective and the method adopted for acquiring data may not be suitable to the current situation.
Therefore, before using secondary data, these factors should be kept in mind. The fundamental differences between primary and secondary data are discussed in the following points:.
As can be seen from the above discussion that primary data is an original and unique data, which is directly collected by the researcher from a source according to his requirements. As opposed to secondary data which is easily accessible but are not pure as they have undergone through many statistical treatments. Thank you for the information it is of great importance to us as Anderson students who have the privilege to use internet for our assignments.
Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Key Differences Between Primary and Secondary Data The fundamental differences between primary and secondary data are discussed in the following points: The term primary data refers to the data originated by the researcher for the first time. Secondary data is the already existing data, collected by the investigator agencies and organisations earlier.
Primary data is a real-time data whereas secondary data is one which relates to the past. Primary data is collected for addressing the problem at hand while secondary data is collected for purposes other than the problem at hand. These mainly differ based on the objective of the data collection. If the data collected, are original and collected for the first time by a researcher or investigator then those are the primary data.
On the other hand, if the data are collected by using already available sources, then those are the secondary data. This is the main difference between Primary and Secondary data. This article attempts to provide a better understanding of both types of data while elaborating the difference between the two types. Primary data are collected with the objective of identifying some specific factors needed by the researcher.
For this purpose, he can use the questionnaires specifying the special factors that he needs to collect. These data should not have been collected by another investigator previously in order to be primary data. Therefore, before collecting the primary data, it is crucial to investigate if there is any other source available with the information interested by the researcher.
If someone is interested in obtaining the primary data, the most popular method is the questionnaires. The reason for this is, the researcher or the investigating entity can build up the questionnaires according to their requirements. In this method, though it is true that the investigators can obtain direct information from the interested party, they need to consider the total cost of the research as well. Cost of collecting primary data includes a higher value of cost for a considerable amount of questionnaires, resources needed for the field visits, and a higher amount of the time value.
Considering the cost and time factor of primary data, it is always advisable first to check if any secondary data that suits the purpose, or flexible to use after doing some modification, are available. If not, then only one should proceed with the methods of collecting primary data. If the data have been collected by an already available source of information such as Newspapers , Television Commercials or any other institute that has collected data for their purposes, then those will be secondary data to the researcher or investigator.
Secondary data is an analysis or interpretation of primary data as told to someone, with the primary data used as a basis to retell a version of the original story or present original data in a new way, as noted by Ithaca College Library.
Primary data is information that you collect specifically for the purpose of your research project. An advantage of primary data is that it is specifically tailored to your research needs. An advantage of primary data is that it is specifically tailored to .
Primary data. An advantage of using primary data is that researchers are collecting information for the specific purposes of their study. In essence, the questions the researchers ask are tailored to elicit the data that will help them with their study. Researchers collect the data themselves, using surveys, interviews and direct . • Use of the secondary data is highly advisable if and only if they can be modeled according to your requirement, unless otherwise, there is a special purpose of conducting a primary data research despite the time and cost factors. • Gathering primary data can be very costly in comparison to secondary data gathering. Image Courtesy: 1.
A primary data source is an original data source, that is, one in which the data are collected firsthand by the researcher for a specific research purpose or project. Primary data can be collected in a number of ways. DATA COLLECTION PRIMARY & SECONDARY PRESENTATION BY: Amogh Kadam Rizwan Shaikh Prathmesh Parab. Primary Research Methods & Techniques Primary Research Quantitative Data Surveys Qualitative Data Experiments Personal interview (intercepts) Mail In-house, selfadministered Telephone, fax, e-mail, Web Mechanical .