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How to Write an Annotated Bibliography

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What is An Annotated Bibliography?

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Explanation, Process, Directions, and Examples
Annotated bibliography example

Write out your own summary of each article. Remember that your summary should not include quotes and that the words you use should be your own and not the author you are quoting. Write a response to the article which indicates what you think about the ideas and arguments. Write how you will use this article in your Research paper. Thinking about how you can put this source into your paper is the most important part of this process.

Deciding how you will use this information can help you write your outline and also help you to figure out which part of your essay needs more information and research. Put Your Bibliography together. The Annotated Bibliography is a single document with the sources put together in alphabetical order based on the last name of the author or the title of the source if there is no author.

The format of each source is:. Check the instructions for your paper. Not all assignments will include writing a response and how you will use in your paper although you might want to make these notes to help you remember what you thought when you begin to write.

The following Annotated Bibliography includes a summary, response and indication of how the source will be used on a paper about the Meals on Wheels program. I ask my students to write a word Annotation for each source about one page. This annotation is words. Some instructors may want shorter summaries, so check with your assignment or ask your instructor about the length of your Annotations.

Aging Families and Caregiving. In explaining the problem of caregiving in America, Qualls gives the example of a family with a great grandmother who has just turned The author explains how the family has gradually had to take on more responsibility for helping her as she has gotten older.

Although the family is glad to surround their loved one with love and care, Qualls also explains how the amount of time it takes to care for the financial, physical, and emotional needs of elderly family members takes a large toll on caregivers who often are working and caring for their own families at the same time.

Qualls describes the benefits and problems of the two main public programs that assist the elderly and their caregivers: Qualls also explains the main things which help the elderly live better lives. The most important factor is having good relationships and an active social network. Because so many older adults live alone, they are often lonely and that can affect their health.

Families are often stretched to provide for the increasing emotional needs of their elderly loved ones as well as having to take care of many daily tasks, such as providing meals, doing laundry, taking them shopping, going with them to the doctor, and helping them pay bills.

This source is helpful in explaining the many burdens a family takes on in caring for their elderly. I did not realize how many different tasks a caregiver needs to do in order to keep a family member at home. I will use this in my paper to explain the physical and emotional toll of caregiving, as well as to compare the costs of keeping an elderly person at home with the costs of assisted living and nursing care.

The simple answer is that it makes it easier to write your Research Paper. It also teaches you how to go through the process of writing using research. An Annotated Bibliography makes you stop and carefully read the sources you've found. That way, you can decide if you really have the information you need to write your paper. Makes Your Research Paper Better: Very frequently, students find that as they research, their topic change. You may narrow your topic to something more interesting to you, or more specific and interesting.

Generally, you will end up with a much better final research paper if you've given yourself time to go through the research process, learning and changing your ideas as you discover new things. Gets You Ready to Write: In addition, by finding your sources first, you are going to be prepared to just sit down and write when it comes to doing your research paper. By doing an Annotated Bibliography, you are forced to actually read the sources as you find them so that you make sure they really are helping you on your topic.

There is nothing worse than finding at the last minute that none of your sources really say what you want them too! For my course, this is a separate assignment, but some instructors may have this as a part of the final research paper. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

So glad my tutorials are helpful to you. I hope you will share them with friends and classmates. I have over articles about writing and almost on other subjects. Check my profile to see more! Hello Virginia, Your how-to's are so helpful.

They are clear, concise, and have all the necessary detailed instructions, and examples a student would want. They are supplementing my understanding of class material and lectures on how to write essays. I am so grateful. Thank you for this article. It was very useful and I wish I had received that kind of information when I was a student.

This is a very useful article and tutorial for me to learn how to write a research essay survey. I will follow you and write more hubs. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: Annotated Bibliographies Start with a bibliographical citation. Are in alphabetical order. However, there should be strict regulations and rules regarding the use of it.

Because of the addictive and regulatory nature of marijuana, it should nonetheless be closely monitored. Grinspoon argued that there were neurological bases for addiction to THC. Since the drug affected dopamine levels in certain areas of the brain, users are susceptible to addiction. Moreover, as Sydney pointed out, there may be some added risks to the development of cancer.

These studies and others support the notion that medical marijuana should not be prescribed freely; instead, tight government regulation should exist. On a broader level, Shafer and Redda suggest that there may be other implications that are socially related as well.

Marijuana use may have unintended sociological consequences by promoting drug use. Therefore, because this treatment is not appropriate for all patients, misuse and abuse should be carefully monitored. The only way this can take place is even further documentation and government regulation regarding restriction, proper training of medical professionals and more empirical studies to determine which cases should be considered for treatment.

If you are not familiar with it, an annotated bibliography is a writing assignment that asks you to list all of your academic or peer reviewed sources and its relevance for your own work.

If you need some help with your annotated bibliography, then the following annotated bibliography on legalizing medical marijuana can help you write you get started. It lists all of the sources used and then analyzes how they can be used to form a coherent argument.

Note that the sources are not just websites with biased and anecodtal data; instead, the sources reflect great information that is reviewed by other scholars.

See below for yourself and remember that these sources are cited using APA format. Peter Clark takes a thorough look at the situation of the legalization of medical marijuana. In doing so, Clark first cited the historical background of medical marijuana from a legal perspective according to DEA compliance policies and the enforcement of it.

Evidence surrounding the medical uses of the drug was cited from notable physicians who have undergone studies. Clark also analyzed the case-by-case basis of each state and how the voting progressed and how it impacts its legality.

This source also went into great detail about the legal ramifications of going against federal restrictions and prescribing the drug as an alternative form of medicine. Published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, book offered research guidelines and protocols when studying the use of medical marijuana.

The author argued that a wide range of diverse studies such as surveys, open ended questions and fill in the blanks need to be used to get a full understanding of the consequences of using Marijuana.

This research and these guidelines will be helpful in determining the overall approach to doing medical research. By using it, I can have another lens of critique when looking at other research studies regarding medical marijuana.

He argued that in making political and ideological claims against the use of the drug, scientific evidence has been used anecdotally where it has been seen fit. Finally, he went over certain methods of discreditation that have been historically used against the legalization of marijuana.

This article will be extremely useful in analyzing the promoting the notion that empirical and scientific evidence should have priority over other forms. Lester Grinspoon took a neuroscience perspective with regards to the addictiveness of medical marijuana.

The author argued that since our brain does indeed have a reward center and there is a connection between this part of our brain and THC, there is an addictive trait of marijuana. The article went into technical details about how dopamine specifically affects this reward center and the implications of it. This article will be useful in providing more detailed background information regarding the use of medical marijuana.

This source gave an interesting anecdote for the support of medical Marijuana. The main subject, JJ, was a severely disturbed child who had a history of psychotic and socially dysfunctional behavior.

In an effort to help him adjust to society, his mother tried various form of treatment. Unfortunately, all of these treatments either made his condition worse or did not help. His violent and psychotic behavior not only ceased completely, but he began to excel in the classroom and even helped other classmates.

This source will be useful in applying emotional and anecdotal evidence in promoting the use of medical marijuana. Robert Peterson offers a critical analysis of how marijuana transformed from a cultural fad into a serious form of alternative therapy to common disorders. Firstly, Peterson acknowledged the general complexity of even taking this medication seriously as so much cultural backlash has been presented against it. He then analyzed the effects of marijuana on specific traits: Moreover, Peterson also remarked about the effects on learning, impairment of motor skills, the heart and other vital bodily organs.

This research article will prove useful in providing another medical perspective in the positive and adverse effects of medical marijuana, despite its individual and societal benefits. This source analyzed both the pros and cons of using medical marijuana based on the testimony of various physicians across diverse disciplines within the medical field. In promoting the use of the drug, many doctors testified that medical marijuana was an effective use of an alternative treatment strategy.

Moreover, this drug worked very well when compared to other more conventional drugs. However, doctors on the other end of the spectrum claim that the same treatment may be beneficial for the long term, it is nonetheless bad for the overall health of humans.

This source will be beneficial in applying professional testimony in determining whether medical marijuana should or should not be used. This comprehensive research looks at the overall picture of marijuana use and the effects from a pharmacological standpoint. The authors go in detail about how marijuana affects the brain, vital bodily organs, reproductive organs and affects overall behavior.

Annotated Bibliography on Legalizing Medical Marijuana

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An Annotated Bibliography is a working list of references—books, journal articles, online documents, websites, etc.—that you will use for an essay, research paper, or project. However, each reference citation is followed by a short summative and/or evaluative paragraph, which is called an annotation.

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What is an Annotated Bibliography? As you are writing a research paper, it is important to cite all of your work sources in order to give proper credit. For typical essays, a bibliography page contains the authors of the work, titles, the date that the work was published, and page numbers.

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You’re probably already familiar with the need to provide bibliographies, reference pages, and works cited lists to credit your sources when you do a research paper. An annotated bibliography includes descriptions and explanations of your listed sources beyond the . Free annotated bibliography papers, essays, and research papers.

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An annotated bibliography saves you time. If you’re writing a research paper with three sources, it’s pretty easy to remember what you read in each source. If, on the other hand, you’re writing a longer research paper and using 10 or more sources, it’s not that easy. Annotated bibliography template will be a vivid example and you will be able to create an outstanding annotation without any mistakes and flaws! This is only a sample, to get your own paper you need to.