Truancy is rated among the major problems facing schools today Garry, Schools in some larger cities have reported absenteeism rates as high as 50 percent per day Allen-Meares, According to the Bilchik, truant students have the potential to lead a lifetime of unemployment, crime, and incarceration Garry, Truancy is often a symptom of a deeper problem. Typically, students who become chronic truants and poor achievers are usually members of families of low socioeconomic status Allen-Meares, Students who are of a low socioeconomic status may inhibit a home environment that is less likely to be conductive for learning.
There are many influences on truancy. When students are not in the classroom, they are missing out on valuable learning time.
When one-fourth of all students miss almost one day a week, there is a problem with poor achievement. The absent student cannot learn effectively and the rest of the class will probably lose learning time when the teacher slows the pace to allow them to catch up.
For many students, poor achievement is just the beginning of how truancy is impacting them. Other implications of poor achieving truants include low self-esteem, confusion, resentment, and demoralization Allen-Meares, There are school social workers equipped to help teachers understand the environmental forces that impinge upon regular attendance in school Allen-Meares, Literature indicates that school social workers need to be saturating our youth in interventions to prevent truancy.
It would be beneficial for youth to experience interventions for truancy heavily in elementary school. High mobility is another factor to be linked to truancy and poor school achievement; frequent moves are much more prevalent in poor families Allen-Meares, Washington conducted a study with 56 inner-city high school students who had been classified as truants.
The purpose of this study was to examine the causes of truancy and categorize the reasons why students were motivated to be absent from school. Truants recognize their academic weaknesses, such as their underdeveloped reading, writing, and speaking skills, disinterest in present course content, and frequent fear of and experience of frustration and failure with difficult course work Washington, Absent students perceived their families to be less cohesive than the regular attendees, felt fewer acceptances by their parents, and their parental discipline was inconsistent and ineffective.
Other findings from the study suggest that absent students were less likely to perceive school experiences favorably, felt inferior academically, experienced family conflict, and were less likely to be socially competent in their relations in class.
Baer indicates that the transition from childhood to early adolescence consists of major changes in a number of psychosocial dimensions. Pubertal timing and the degree of change such as the transition to junior high school bring a heightened potential for problems such as use of drugs and alcohol, the increase of school drop out, decline in academic motivation, and decreased interest in school generally. During this time of change the student is in need of being supported by all those involved with them.
The author discussed how students making the transition to junior high school could be complicated by the development changes taking place. Children tend to spent more time at home than any other place. They also add that frequent relocation, performing domestic chores, and staying at home to resolve domestic conflicts contributes to truancy. The social culture of school itself may put excessive stress on youth pushing them toward truancy.
Cnaan and Seltzer discuss school characteristics as factors that contribute to truancy. Teachers inadequately trained to meet the needs of truant children, and the use of expulsion and suspension are part of this social culture.
Individual factors need to be looked at when addressing truancy. These issues are prevalent and growing within our schools. Other individual characteristics associated with truancy include school phobia, school failure and low self-esteem. Factors that contribute to truancy affect urban students differently than rural students, inner city students differently than suburban students, black students differently than white students, boys differently than girls, and elementary school students differently than secondary school students.
In addressing truancy every student must be assessed individually and not viewed the same because truancy is the common factor. Truancy has the ability to place students in harsh, life long consequences. When students are not in the classroom they are missing out on valuable learning time and the absent student cannot learn effectively. Truancy may also be seen as a stepping-stone to delinquent and criminal activity.
As discussed earlier, the truant student falls behind in their school or is not able to do the work because of not being academically prepared. They are more prone to drop out than catch-up Garry, Truancy is a major barrier to learning. Students who miss school frequently are often unable to develop interpersonal relationships or gain the knowledge and skills they will need for future employment Garry, Many students are not prepared for the workforce because of not being able to read, fill out a job application, or find employment.
Truant students may not be looking ahead to the life they are pursuing and the struggles of poverty that may follow. Another consequence of truancy is self-destructive behavior. Garry discussed the risk of truants becoming involved in drugs, alcohol, and violence leading to incarceration. Truants can find themselves alienated from their support systems. Truancy can be a vicious cycle touching many lives. Children of truants and poor achievers can easily become truants themselves.
Therefore, with the severity of these implications, there is a great need for interventions to combat truancy. Research on dropouts indicates schools need to intervene earlier when addressing problems with student attendance. As stated earlier, it is important to view truancy through the ecological perspective. The interventions that are chosen to be implemented with truant students should address and involve the family, the social culture of the school, and the community.
Encouragement and positive feedback for improved attendance assist in shaping the student into becoming a regular attendee. Epstein and Sheldon provide strategies on how to increase and sustain student attendance. This intervention was designed to improve school-to-home and home-to-school communications, and to recognize good attendance. Some students who are addicted to drugs or alcohol will frequently be absent.
The fear of bullying or harassment may also cause timid students to play truant. If left unchecked, truancy can lead to juvenile delinquency and numerous other negative outcomes. Youths who play truant have an increased risk of dropping out of school. School dropouts are more likely to be unemployed as prospective employers are concerned about attendance of their potential employees. Regular school attendance is also important for academic success. If a student often plays truant, he may fail in his examinations.
Students who play truant also have low self-esteem and become social misfits. To curb truancy, initiatives must be taken. Prevention is the key. Early intervention can tackle the problem.
Students who often skip classes should be given counseling.
One of the common causes of truancy and disruptive behavior in children is the influence of friends and peers. Many times these peers are seen encouraging truancy as a status-seeking activity or as a way of joining in or blending in.
truancy Essay Truancy 1 Running head: STUDENT TRUANCY Student truancy: Why should I go to school? Kevin Floress Indiana University Truancy 2 Abstract Various school personnel, parents, community members, and juvenile justice officials among others are consistently concerned with the issue of truancy in schools.
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! Truancy is rated among the major problems facing schools today (Garry, ). Schools in some larger cities have reported absenteeism rates as high as 50 percent per day (Allen-Meares, ). The issue of truancy compromises schools’ primary function and places our young people at risk.
Dec 06, · Words: Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Truancy and Court Appearances The Relationship between School Truancy Rates and Court Cases Research, albeit it clinical, case study, empirical, descriptive, historical, or any combination thereof, must exhibit and command interest, enthusiasm, and passionate commitment. In this aspect, truancy is a grave concern to all components of society which caused by schools, family factors and personal factors. First and foremost, school factors play a major role in .